金閣寺 Kinkaku-ji (officially named Rokuon-ji) Temple
The Garden and the Kinkaku, literally the ”Golden Pavilion”
Kinkaku-ji is one of the most popular temple in Japan.
The gardens were modeled after the gardens of Saiho-ji(西芳寺).
And it has a “borrowed” view of Mt. Kinugasa(衣笠山), with many excellent stones in the Kyoko-chi(鏡湖池・Millar pond).
The Kinkaku, a splendid three-storey pavilion(reliquary hall・舎利殿), was erected at the edge of the pond. The top two stories were covered with pure gold leaf.
※kinkakuji-cho Kita-ku Kyoto, Japan 603-8361(京都市北区金閣寺町)
銀閣寺 Ginkaku-ji (officially named Jisho-ji) Temple
The Garden and the Ginkaku, literally the “Silver Pavilion”
Ginkaku-ji is located at the foot of the Higashiyama mountain range.
The Ashikaga Yoshimasa(足利義政1436-1490), the 8th shogun, originated and promoted the “Higashiyama Culture” (東山文化).
This Culture is based on the ideals and aesthetics of Zen(禅) Buddhism and the concept of “wabi-sabi” (beauty in simplicity).
Ginkaku-ji is one of the constructions that represents this Higashiyama Culture, Muromachi period(室町時代1338-1573).
In the garden, two national treasure buildings, Togu-do(東求堂) and Ginkaku are situated by the pond named Kinkyo-chi(錦鏡池).
※Ginkakuji-cho Sakyo-ku Kyoto, Japan 606-8602(京都市左京区銀閣寺町)
相国寺 Shokoku-ji Temple
Once one of the Kyoto Five Mountain Zen Temples
Shokoku-ji is the head of the Rinzai sect(臨済宗) Shokoku-ji school of Zen Buddhism.
This temple was founded in 1382 by Ashikaga Yoshimitsu(足利義満1358-1408), the 3th Muromachi shogun.
Jotenkaku Museum(承天閣美術館) is located on the ground of the temple and holds many kind of cultural properties.
Kinkaku-ji and Ginkaku-ji are outer precinct sub-temples (tatchu・塔頭) of this Temple.
※Shokokuji Monzen-cho Kamigyo-ku Kyoto, Japan 602-0898(京都市上京区相国寺門前町)
Kitayama Culture(北山文化) is represented by Kinkaku-ji
Kinkaku was burned down in 1950 and rebuilt in 1955
鹿苑寺金閣は室町幕府3代目将軍、足利義満が建てたもの。足利家の栄華をうかがうことができる。 pic.twitter.com/qxv7jAWl0G— 心洗われる和の風景bot (@wanohuukei) July 25, 2017
Ginkaku-ji Temple Togu-do
Erected in 1486
銀閣寺 東求堂（京都） pic.twitter.com/cByx4sdt1K— 【一度は見たい】世界の絶景 (@1SekaiZekkei) August 2, 2017
Shokoku-ji Temple The Hatto hall (法堂・lecture hall)
A large painting of a dragon on the ceiling
相国寺法堂：足利義満創建の寺院で、室町期における五山文学の中心地。鹿苑寺と慈照寺は当寺の山外塔頭だ。法堂内部には釈迦如来像や迦葉尊者・阿難尊者像が祀られており、天井部には鳴き龍が描かれる。 pic.twitter.com/ztEixN3zEQ— 仏像紹介BOT (@butsuzobot) July 30, 2017
Kinkaku-ji and Ginkaku-ji Temple
These two temples are cerebrated for their gardens called Chisen Kaiyushiki Teien(池泉回遊式庭園・style of Japanese garden with a path around the central pond).
They were also designated as a Special Historic Site and a National Special Landscape.
And the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto encompasses 17 locations including these two.