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World Heritage Kyoto   Two Gardens     Kinkaku-ji and Ginkaku-ji

京都 KYOTO

World Heritage Kyoto        Two  Gardens              Kinkaku-ji and Ginkaku-ji
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金閣寺 Kinkaku-ji (officially named Rokuon-ji) Temple

The Garden and the Kinkaku, literally the ”Golden Pavilion”

Kinkaku-ji is one of the most popular temple in Japan.
The gardens were modeled after the gardens of Saiho-ji(西芳寺).
And it has a “borrowed” view of Mt. Kinugasa(衣笠山), with many excellent stones in the Kyoko-chi(鏡湖池・Millar pond).
The Kinkaku, a splendid three-storey pavilion(reliquary hall・舎利殿), was erected at the edge of the pond. The top two stories were covered with pure gold leaf.
※kinkakuji-cho Kita-ku Kyoto, Japan 603-8361(京都市北区金閣寺町)

銀閣寺 Ginkaku-ji (officially named Jisho-ji) Temple

The Garden and the Ginkaku, literally the “Silver Pavilion”

Ginkaku-ji is located at the foot of the Higashiyama mountain range.
The Ashikaga Yoshimasa(足利義政1436-1490), the 8th shogun, originated and promoted the “Higashiyama Culture” (東山文化).
This Culture is based on the ideals and aesthetics of Zen(禅) Buddhism and the concept of “wabi-sabi” (beauty in simplicity).
Ginkaku-ji is one of the constructions that represents this Higashiyama Culture, Muromachi period(室町時代1338-1573).
In the garden, two national treasure buildings, Togu-do(東求堂) and Ginkaku are situated by the pond named Kinkyo-chi(錦鏡池).
※Ginkakuji-cho Sakyo-ku Kyoto, Japan 606-8602(京都市左京区銀閣寺町)

相国寺 Shokoku-ji Temple

Once one of the Kyoto Five Mountain Zen Temples

Shokoku-ji is the head of the Rinzai sect(臨済宗) Shokoku-ji school of Zen Buddhism.
This temple was founded in 1382 by Ashikaga Yoshimitsu(足利義満1358-1408), the 3th Muromachi shogun.
Jotenkaku Museum(承天閣美術館) is located on the ground of the temple and holds many kind of cultural properties.
Kinkaku-ji and Ginkaku-ji are outer precinct sub-temples (tatchu・塔頭) of this Temple.
※Shokokuji Monzen-cho Kamigyo-ku Kyoto, Japan 602-0898(京都市上京区相国寺門前町)

Kitayama Culture(北山文化) is represented by Kinkaku-ji

Kinkaku was burned down in 1950 and rebuilt in 1955

Ginkaku-ji Temple  Togu-do

Erected in 1486

Shokoku-ji Temple The Hatto hall (法堂・lecture hall)

A large painting of a dragon on the ceiling

Kinkaku-ji and Ginkaku-ji Temple

These two temples are cerebrated for their gardens called Chisen Kaiyushiki Teien(池泉回遊式庭園・style of Japanese garden with a path around the central pond).
They were also designated as a Special Historic Site and a National Special Landscape.
And the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto encompasses 17 locations including these two.


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